Childhood Heart Repairs May Not Last

I found this story from the AP to be quite interesting.
Childhood Heart Repairs May Not Last

WASHINGTON - One of medicine's greatest triumphs is hitting a snag: Up to 1 million people born with once-lethal heart defects now have grown up, a pioneering generation largely unaware that heart repairs can wear out as they approach middle age.

Few even get cardiac checkups, apparently believing they were cured as children — although a surgical repair isn't a cure. Worse, few cardiologists outside of children's hospitals have any idea how to care for these special hearts.

"The disease as an adult is completely different than the other kinds of heart disease adults get," warns Dr. Karen Kuehl, a pediatric cardiologist at Children's National Medical Center in Washington, who recently helped open one of the nation's few specialty clinics for adults with congenital heart disease.

"Here are people in their early young adulthood who have thought that they went through this (childhood surgery) ... and they were going to be fine. In fact, we don't know that," Kuehl adds. "Now we're seeing things nobody would have predicted."

Open-heart surgery for babies and young children didn't become common until the 1970s. Before then, only a quarter of "blue babies" and other infants born with complex heart defects lived beyond a year. Now, more than 95 percent of these "miracle babies" will grow up, living near-normal lives for many years.

Only recently have enough of the early survivors reached adulthood for doctors to notice a disturbing trend: Starting about 20 years after childhood surgery, the risk for some serious problems — irregular heartbeats, enlarged hearts, heart failure, occasionally even sudden death — begins to rise among people who had complex defects repaired.

Caught early, many such problems are treatable or, better, preventable. Too often, patients have serious damage or even need a heart transplant by the time someone links their survived birth defect to the new illness, says Dr. Roberta Williams of the American College of Cardiology.

How big is the risk, and who most needs preventive care? Doctors don't yet know, although pregnancy does demand extra caution. There have been no large-scale studies of survivors' long-term health, partly because so many disappear once they outgrow the pediatric cardiologist. Less than half of adults with congenital heart disease are thought to receive any regular cardiac care.

Denial plays a role. Young adults who feel well, and no longer are on a parent's insurance policy, desperately want to be normal and may not see a need for checkups.

Even if they want ongoing care, there are only about 100 cardiologists nationwide specially trained in adult congenital heart disease. Considering one in 150 babies is born with a heart defect, a soon-to-skyrocket new population of adult patients will compete for limited specialists."

If you know someone who fits into this category it would be wise to see that they get checked out. Always better to be safe than sorry.

4 comments:

SnoopyTheGoon said...

That post, Jack, eerily reminds me of the next one with that example:

"My name is Jean-Claude and like you I used to have a penile that not work well."

Not that I dare to knock the learned doctor, but I would take that warning with a pinch of salt, you know.

(And I am coming from a "medical" family)

Jack Steiner said...

Hi Snoopy,

I am always cautious about warnings. Keep an ear to the ground but don't let them run your life.

Caryn said...

I fit in this category. I'm a little freaked out. I don't know whether I should seek out a cardiologist or what. Best to start with my regular doctor, I suppose.

Unknown said...

Im 24 and had a very complex heart surgery repairing four holes and a valve when i was 11months old. I now have irregular heartbeat, 2blockages a very enlarged heart signs of failure and frequent chest pain. I have faith in fait at this point. Doctors keep referring me to other doctors. When it comes down to it you have thank god for the time he has given you instead of asking for more. I enjoy everyday of my life. A concerned friend sent this to me and after reading the comments i have only one more thing to say."
Life is only 10% what happens to you and 90% how you react to it."

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